bagaimana sistem demokrasi di indonesia

Indonesian DemocracySource:

Indonesia is the world’s third-largest democracy after the United States and India. The country is a unitary presidential constitutional republic, where the president is both the head of state and head of government. Indonesia adopted a democratic system after the end of authoritarian rule in 1998. Since then, the country has made significant strides towards consolidating democracy in the country. In this article, we will explore the system of democracy in Indonesia, its strengths, and challenges.

History of Democracy in Indonesia

Indonesian Democracy HistorySource:

Indonesia’s journey towards democracy began in 1945 when the country gained independence from colonial rule. The country’s first constitution established a parliamentary system of government, where the president was only a ceremonial figurehead. However, Indonesia’s democracy was short-lived, and the country experienced a series of military coups that led to authoritarian rule for over three decades. In 1998, after widespread protests, President Suharto was forced to resign, and Indonesia began a new chapter in democracy.

The System of Democracy in Indonesia

Indonesian Democracy SystemSource:

Indonesia’s democracy is based on the principle of separation of powers where the government’s power is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judiciary. The president is the head of the executive branch, while the parliament is the legislative branch. The judiciary branch is independent and has the power to interpret and enforce the law. The president is elected every five years through a direct presidential election, while members of parliament are elected through a direct legislative election.

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The Strengths of Democracy in Indonesia

Indonesian Democracy StrengthsSource:

Indonesia’s democracy has made significant progress in the past two decades. The country has held several free and fair elections, including the presidential election, which is a testament to the country’s commitment to democracy. The media in Indonesia is free and independent, and citizens enjoy the freedom of speech and expression. The country has a vibrant civil society, which plays an essential role in promoting democracy and holding the government accountable.

The Challenges of Democracy in Indonesia

Indonesian Democracy ChallengesSource:

Despite its strengths, Indonesia’s democracy faces several challenges. Corruption remains a significant problem in the country, and efforts to combat corruption have been slow. The country’s legal system is weak, and the judiciary system is often perceived as corrupt and inefficient. The media landscape is crowded, and fake news and propaganda are rampant, which poses a threat to the country’s democracy. Additionally, the country faces challenges of rising intolerance and religious extremism, which have led to social and political polarization.


In conclusion, Indonesia has made significant strides towards consolidating democracy in the country. The country’s commitment to democracy is evident in the free and fair elections held since the end of authoritarian rule. However, Indonesia’s democracy faces several challenges, including corruption, weak legal and judiciary systems, and rising intolerance and extremism. The country must address these challenges to promote and strengthen its democracy further.

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