bagaimana cara menentukan perwilayahan suatu wilayah di permukaan bumi

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If you’re interested in geography, you may have wondered how it’s decided which regions belong to which countries or provinces. The process of dividing regions is known as demarcation or delimitation, and it can be a complicated process that involves a variety of factors.

Geopolitical Factors

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One of the most significant factors in determining the division of a region is geopolitics. Geopolitics refers to the way that political power is distributed across the world’s surface. This can involve factors such as historical borders, cultural and linguistic differences, and economic considerations. For example, a region may be divided based on the dominant religion or ethnic group.

Physical Features

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The physical features of a region can also play a role in its division. Mountains, rivers, and coastlines can all influence the way that borders are drawn. For example, a mountain range may form a natural barrier between two regions, making it more practical to separate them into different administrative areas. Likewise, a river may form a logical boundary between two regions.

Administrative Needs

Administrative MapSource:

Another factor that can influence regional division is administrative needs. If a government or other administrative body needs to divide a large area into smaller parts for practical reasons, it may use factors such as population density or economic activity as the basis for division. For example, a province or state may be divided into smaller districts based on the number of residents in each area.

Legal Considerations

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Finally, legal considerations can also play a role in regional division. This may include factors such as property rights, zoning laws, and other regulations that affect the way that land is used. For example, a region may be divided into different land-use zones based on factors such as environmental protection, agriculture, or urban development. These legal boundaries can have a significant impact on the way that people and businesses operate within a region.

The Process of Demarcation


The process of demarcating a region can be a complex and time-consuming process. It typically involves a team of experts, including geographers, cartographers, and political scientists. The process of demarcation may involve negotiating with other governments or administrative bodies, as well as conducting extensive research into the physical and cultural features of the region.

The outcome of the demarcation process can have significant implications for the people who live in the region. It may affect political representation, access to resources, and economic development. As a result, it’s important to approach the process of demarcation with care and consideration for the needs of all people who will be affected by the outcome.


The process of demarcation is an essential aspect of geography and politics. It involves the careful consideration of a range of factors, including geopolitical, physical, administrative, and legal considerations. The outcome of the demarcation process can have significant implications for the people who live in the region, making it essential to approach the process with care and consideration for all parties involved.

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